Multi Speciality Medical Practice located in Dobbs Ferry, NY & Yonkers, NY
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 10% of women, interfering with their menstrual periods, often causing infertility, and putting them at risk for serious health conditions like Type 2 diabetes. The board-certified OB/GYN physicians at Symphony Medical perform diagnostic testing and create individualized treatment plans that improve your PCOS and restore your health. To schedule an appointment, call the Andrus office in Yonkers, New York, or the office in Dobbs Ferry, New York, or use the online booking feature today.
PCOS Q & A
What is PCOS?
PCOS develops when women have unusually high levels of androgens. Though androgens are male hormones like testosterone, women produce a small amount. Women also need androgens to help regulate their reproductive system and protect the health of their heart, bones, and muscles.
But when androgen levels get too high, they affect women's ovaries, interfering with ovulation (the release of an egg each month) and menstruation. Excessive androgens also cause other unwanted symptoms and health problems.
What symptoms develop due to PCOS?
If you have PCOS, you develop at least two of the following three symptoms:
Abnormal menstrual periods
As the hormone imbalance interrupts ovulation, your periods may become heavy or irregular. In some cases, your periods may stop.
Many women (but not all) develop multiple cysts inside their ovaries. If the cysts are small, you may not experience symptoms. However, ovarian cysts often cause abdominal bloating and pelvic pain.
Women who have high amounts of androgens may have acne and lose hair, and 70% develop hirsutism. Hirsutism refers to the growth of coarse, dark hair on your face, abdomen, chest, and upper thighs.
What health complications develop due to PCOS?
Without treatment, PCOS can cause serious chronic health conditions, including:
- Weight gain
- Insulin resistance
- Type 2 diabetes
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Uterine cancer
- Cardiovascular disease
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver
In addition to being one of the top causes of infertility, PCOS also increases your risk of having a miscarriage or preterm birth.
How is PCOS treated?
The team at Symphony Medical creates a customized treatment plan that combines lifestyle changes and medications, depending on your health care needs:
Lifestyle changes are important for preventing and treating the underlying health complications that affect women with PCOS.
Following a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, and losing weight can reverse insulin resistance, prevent Type 2 diabetes, and help lower your blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure.
Your provider may prescribe one of several possible medications that regulate hormones and help restart ovulation and menstruation. You may also need medications to treat any health complications, including topical creams that treat unwanted hair growth on your face.
If you have irregular periods, hirsutism, or other symptoms of PCOS, call Symphony Medical or book an appointment online today.